The Chicago style citation, also known as The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS), was established by the University of Chicago Press in 1906. The Chicago style citation is one of the most used types of citations in the United States of America. It is mainly used by those who work in the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Sciences department to structure their written work and references.
The Chicago style citation is one style that can be used in two variations: Notes and bibliography variation and Author-date variation.
1. Notes and bibliography style
This style of citations is used by those who work in the social sciences department like history, art, literature, economics, and politics. Instead of in text citation this type of style uses notes and bibliographies. The bibliography is found at the end of the paper.
It is preferred to include a note (footnote or endnote) each time you utilize a source, regardless of whether it is through an immediate statement, rework, or recap. The footnotes are added at the end of the paper on which the source is referred to. The endnotes are placed at the end of each chapter, document, or project. Both the footnote and endnote contain the entire citation information
How to reference a website:
Full note: First Name and Last Name of Author, “Title of Page,” Title of Website, Month Day, date published or accessed, web address.
Example: James Paul, “White House Attack,” BBC, June 17, 2019, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/topic/c0n6441nlz8t/whitehouse
Bibliography: Last Name, First Name of Author. “Page Title.” Website Title. Month Day, Date published or accessed. Web address.
Example: Paul, James “White House Attack.” BBC. June 17, 2019. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/topic/c0n6441nlz8t/whitehouse
How to reference a journal article:
Full note: First Name and Last Name of Author, “Article Title,” Journal Name Volume Number, no. of issue (Date published): Page-Range, DOI address.
Example: James Paul, “Studies in Volcanos,” Science Direct 11, no. 16 (February, 1999): 22-56, https://doi.org/22.7893/2678635.
Bibliography: Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Journal Name Volume Number, no. of issue (Date Published): Page-Range. DOI address.
Example: Paul, James. “Studies in Volcanos.” Science Direct 11, no. 16 (February, 1999): 22-56. https://doi.org/22.7893/2678635.
2. Author-date style
This is the other style of citation used. The author-date style is primarily used by those who work in sciences. It utilizes incidental in-text citation, consistently joined by a reference list toward the end. In other words, it has two formats: in-text citation and reference list.
How to reference a website Example:
Paul, James. 2019. “White House Attack.” BBC, June 17, 2019. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/topic/c0n6441nlz8t/whitehouse
How to reference a book:
In-text citation format: (Author Last Name Year, page #)
Example: (Paul 2019, 44)
Reference list format: Last Name, First Name. Year Published. Title of Book. Publisher City: Publisher Name.
Example: Paul, James. 2019. The Daring. New York: Workman.
Today, there are many kinds of automatic citation generators and creators on the internet, but they are not always 100% accurate. When it comes to citations and accuracy is always best to learn and do it yourself no matter how complicated it may seem.